The recommendations of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) for low bit rate applications will enable better and cheaper satellite services, especially for IoT applications.

A low bit satellite connection transmits the minimum amount of data using limited sources, such as a single-user terrestrial terminal with low transmission power, a small diameter antenna, and so on. Low-bit-rate applications are especially important for the Internet of Things (IoT) devices that many believe are expected to spread widely in the new era of cities and connected devices.

In a time frame of two to three years, there will be ten IoT-connected devices per person in the country, which will require low bit rate connections.

TV Ramachandran, President, Broadband India Forum said: “These historic recommendations from the Regulator have generated tremendous enthusiasm and enthusiasm in all sectors of the industry as they provide much needed regulatory assurance to the sector and are fully aligned with its needs. “These impeccably balanced recommendations address the interests and demands of all actors, across digital communications, as well as vertical space.” would significantly reduce regulatory costs and lead to increased efficiency in service delivery.

Read also: TRAI provides recommendations on ‘Guide to promoting broadband connectivity and broadband speed’

IoTs are being embedded in every electronic device, from refrigerator sensors to electricity meters that need low bit rate connections to transfer data. IoT devices also have many applications in rural areas, where many sparsely populated areas with significant economic activities suitable for IoT-related services may not have ground cover or other forms of connectivity. Therefore, satellites can help bridge this gap by providing coverage even in the most remote areas through low bit rate applications. For example, IoT equipment can be used for smart farming purposes, to assist the farmer in monitoring dynamic weather conditions, studying soil patterns, and so on.

To provide services in such a scenario, the regulator has recommended that different satellite orbits and frequency bands can be selected based on the application requirements. Satellite orbits can generally be categorized as GEO (Earth Geostationary Orbit), MEO (Middle Earth Orbit) and LEO (Low Earth Orbit).

Satellite based services

The regulator also recommended allowing service licensees to receive satellite bandwidth from foreign satellites in all permitted satellite groups in order to provide satellite-based services, although the segment of satellite communication space is being liberalized by the government for participation. of private non-governmental entities, it will take time to have adequate satellite capacity available in India through domestic satellites.

According to a press release from the Broadband India Forum, allowing service licensees to receive satellite bandwidth from foreign satellites in all permitted satellite groups to provide satellite-based services will greatly increase their capacity to responding to the country’s digital connectivity needs, which are growing at a rapid pace.

Anil Prakash, CEO, Satcom Industry Association India said, “The move is a welcome move by TRAI, and a step-by-step approach, which has an impact on small applications but will also have an impact on other satellite services later “The source of bandwidth through other foreign satellites is also an interesting recommendation as it brings bandwidth liberalization.”

Pranav Roach, President at Hughes Network Systems India Limited, however, remains skeptical about the magnitude of the impact of these recommendations, “While this is a welcome move for people offering small applications to access any type of satellite and frequency band. , players offering other types of satellite-based applications such as banking, financial, cable services continue to be limited.If these recommendations are good for low bit rate, they are also good for other applications which are the same if not more important and should be expanded there as well. “