The Nepal Telecommunications Authority has prepared a draft of the Internet of Things (IoT) and Machine-to-Car Communications (M2M) Regulation 2021 to legalize the system where physical objects are connected to the Internet allowing them to communicate with each other -the other without people. intervention.
According to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the Internet of Things is a global infrastructure for the information society that enables advanced services by interconnecting things (physical and virtual) based on existing and evolving, interoperable information and communication technologies.
Internet-connected devices of things range from ordinary household objects to sophisticated industrial tools.
Machine-to-machine communication is the exchange of data between a remote machine and an information and technology infrastructure at the end.
Ambar Sthapit, director of the authority, said that a wide range of internet of things and communications from mobile to mobile are emerging and growing, and it has become important to introduce such a system in Nepal as well.
The Internet of Things is used for autonomous vehicles, smart meetings, and remote sensors that monitor and control office or home equipment, including things needed for smart cities.
“If any firm wants to provide Internet of Things and mobile-to-mobile communication services by developing a network, the authority will grant them licenses,” he said.
The draft categorizes Internet of Things and car-to-car communication services based on network size and Internet coverage of internal and external things and mobile to mobile service.
The category of internet of things and mobile service includes applications and services that use wireless and wireless networks created only within a building. These IoT and M2M devices cannot connect to the Internet or corporate intranet.
The external category includes the Internet of Things and mobile-to-mobile communication applications and services that use internal connections and the Internet.
Min Prasad Aryal, director of the authority, said there are devices and devices that can be controlled remotely through the use of the internet. It can be used in various sectors such as education, health, agriculture, infrastructure, industry, he said.
“A person can turn on or off their electrical appliances such as lights, air conditioners or refrigerators at home from another place through their mobile applications. “This is the internet of things,” he said. Such devices and equipment are enabled with the system that can be controlled remotely.
Under the draft, the authority will authorize the provision of Internet of Things and mobile-to-mobile communications services to authorized telecom service providers, network service providers, Internet service providers, authorized IoT service providers. and M2M or any firm wishing to provide the services.
Authorized Internet of Things and mobile service providers will provide mobile services using the network provided by telecom service providers, network service providers, and Internet service providers as a traditional value-added service provider. .
The authority could prepare and amend the terms of the authorization accordingly as needed, the draft said.
According to the draft, mobile internet of things will be provided only by the mobile service licensee and the basic telecommunication service licensee.
Non-cellular Internet of Things and mobile communications, IoT licensed bands, Ultra Wide Bandwidth (UWB), Short Range Device (SRD) bands and Industrial, Scientific and Medical Bands (ISM) as specified by the Authority will be used under given conditions for non-cellular IoT and M2M applications.
The Authority posted the draft regulation on its official website on December 2 and invited the public to submit views, suggestions and comments within a month.
For the Internet of Things and mobile device identification, the number range will be used in the National Counting Plan according to ITU-T standards E.164 and 164.1. However, depending on the growth of IoT and M2M services, the request may be reviewed by the authority.
ITU-T E.164 describes the international plan of public telecommunications numbers.
The Internet of Things must comply with all laws, regulations and requirements issued by the Nepal Telecommunications Authority regarding data management, including security, privacy and protection.
Under the draft, the Internet of Things and mobile-to-mobile service provider will not install, connect or permit the installation or connection of any terminal equipment unless the terminal equipment is approved by the authority or otherwise authorized by the authority.
All devices used to provide Internet of Things and mobile-to-mobile communication services will be required to comply with the type-approval regulations and standardization requirements set out by the Authority from time to time.