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What is the Internet of Things?

Among the various blockchain viewing options offered by Netflix is ​​a series of animated short stories called “Love, Death and Robots,” which include a genre, from comedy, horror to Sci-Fi and fantasy. The second series features a so-called “Automated Customer Service” – a dark comic episode, which imagines a dystopian future where virtually all human roles, from housewife and gardener to lifeguards, have been intelligently replaced. artificial. This episode demonstrates the risk of such dependence on robots (and disabled automated customer services) when an unfortunate housewife triggers “intrusive” mode on her home robot, leading to a killer chase. Far from AI warning tales, this animated short carefully crafted the Internet of Things (IoT) – a series of interconnected objects embedded with sensors and software, each communicating with others online, transmitting and reacting to changing continuous information. Many of the IoT will already be familiar to us, from smart sensors in our homes (such as Samsung SmartThings), allowing us to remotely adjust the thermostat and control who is at the door, to the wearable technology which is constantly monitoring every beat of our heart. and activity level.

IoT describes a series of objects, connected via Wi-Fi in a closed network, generating and exchanging data, in a growing connected world. A large network of interconnected “things”. One of the most famous examples is Amazon Alexa, a cloud-enabled voice, virtual assistant, capable of playing your favorite album, giving you weather and news updates, ordering your food and checking your “home” smart “. The interconnectedness of the smart home can go even further – in a refrigerator which can control stock levels (along with an oven that the relays they produce is cooked and when, a smart kettle and toaster) and understand ” use by date “to produce in it (and potentially order more), for what monitors and regulates the levels of natural and artificial light in each room, according to the wishes of the occupants.

Far from residential use, IoT is transforming the industrial landscape as smart sensors on production lines, responding to everything from temperature assembly to temperature, while wireless inventory tracks component stock levels and allows manufacturers to lose a little and increase efficiency. production in these smart factories. A study found that 35% of manufacturers in the US had already adopted smart sensors in their product lines1With Intelligent Farms they are using autonomous farm equipment, such as drones to spray and harvest crops, while sensors have been set up to monitor everything from soil pH to humidity levels. These tools allow farmers a holistic view of what is happening on the farm and the growing conditions they are experiencing their harvest, allowing strategic decision-making without ever having to enter the fields.

challenges

Forecast for the future seems to be “all that can be connected will be2 but with it comes a major challenge to the privacy of those caught up in this interconnected digital world. There are clear and obvious issues with tracking and monitoring everything, from where one goes to his biometric data — basically, creating a panopticon of the modern era, where everyone is under some form of surveillance. Security also remains one of the main challenges for the ever-expanding IoT.

Everything connected to a network is vulnerable to hacking. While the killer robot i Love, Death and Robots, seem very plausible, more plausible scenarios involving hackers entering smart systems to obtain data, including sensitive personal data, created by them. The most common issues with IoT include lack of interaction and changing common technical standards, which means a lack of integration between different technical ecosystems and the large (potentially volatile) amount of energy required to power them.

Either way, IoT is here to stay.

Footnotes

1. https://www.wired.co.uk/article/internet-of-things-what-is-explained-iot

2. https://www.forbes.com/sites/jacobmorgan/2014/05/13/simple-explanation-internet-things-that-anyone-can-understand/?sh=2b1a58a61d09

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the issue. Specialized advice should be sought for your specific circumstances.

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